Arunachal Pradesh – The Land of Dawnlit Mountains


Arunachal Pradesh is the largest state of seven sister states of northeast India. Arunachal Pradesh is one of the most beautiful places on the earth. 

Arunachal means: Arun (sun) and Achal (Surya-ka-Achal, the place from where the sun seems to be rising), that’s the reason Arunachal Pradesh is called “The Land of the rising sun in India“. 

The weather and the climate of Arunachal Pradesh are quite different from the rest of the country. The state is situated on the extreme northeastern tip of the Union of India in the Trans-Himalayan region. 

The climate of the state is dominated by the Himalayan system and the attitudinal variations. Almost 80% of the state is covered with mountains and forests. Therefore, Arunachal Pradesh is popularly known as “The Land of the Dawnlit Mountains“.

History of Arunachal Pradesh

Its former name was NEFA ( North-East Frontier Agency), being a north-east frontier area it was known as NEFA. This region acquired an independent political status and union territory status on January 20, 1972, and was renamed Arunachal Pradesh.

The name was suggested by Shri B Das Shastri and formally announced by Late Mrs. Indira Gandhi, then the Prime Minister of India at Ziro, Headquarter of the Subansiri district (Now H. Q of Lower Subansiri district). 

The state of Arunachal Pradesh bill was passed by the parliament in 1986 and Arunachal Pradesh became a full-fledged state on 20th February 1987.

Formally, Shillong (now in Meghalaya) was the capital of Arunachal Pradesh, but the capital was shifted from Shillong to Itanagar on 1st June 1974. On 20th February 1987, Arunachal Pradesh became the 24th state of the Indian union. So Arunachal Pradesh celebrates this day (24th February) as “Statehood Day

Geographical features of Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh is one of the most beautiful states of India and is also called the orchid state of India. More than thousands of orchid varieties are found in Arunachal Pradesh.

The state is the largest in North East states in terms of area with 83,743 sq. Km which is about 2.55% of India’s land area. The famous  McMohan line bounded it on the eastern border and the inner liner in the foothill region.

The state shares the international border of length 1928kms, viz. 157km with Bhutan in the West, 1030km with republic China in the North (Length of McMahan line), and 441km with Myanmar (Burma) in the east.

The length of the inner line or political boundary with Assam and Nagaland is 618.5km and 58.6 km (approximately) respectively.

Important information about Arunachal Pradesh

  • Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh: Pema Khandu
  • Deputy Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh: Chowna Main
  • Chief Secretary of Arunachal Pradesh: B. D Mishra
  • State Animal of Arunachal Pradesh: Mithun (Bos Frontails )
  • State Flower of Arunachal Pradesh: Foxtail Orchid (Rhynchostylis Retusa)
  • Statehood Day of Arunachal Pradesh: 20th February
  • State bird of Arunachal Pradesh: Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)
  • State Anthem: “Arunachal Hamara” (Composed by Dr. Bhupen Hazarika)

Other important information about Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh
Major festivals of Arunachal Pradesh

Important places in Arunachal Pradesh

  • Tawang
  • Seppa
  • Pashigat
  • Khonsa
  • Itanagar
  • Namsai
  • Bomdila
  • Rupa
  • Naharlagun
  • Ziro
  • Bhalukpung
  • Daporijo
  • Roing
  • Yingkiong

Important festivals of Arunachal Pradesh

  • Lossar: January/February (Monpa Tribe)
  • Booriboot: February
  • Nyokum: February (Nyishi)
  • Reh: February
  • Tamladu: February
  • Ojiyala: March/April
  • Mopin: April (Galo Tribe)
  • Gomkum Gompa: April
  • Dree: July (Apatani Tribe)
  • Solung: September(Adi Tribe)
  • Chalo-Loku: November
  • Si-Donyi: January (Tagin Tribe)

Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh

  • Mishmis
  • Monpa
  • Memba
  • Adi
  • Apatani
  • Aka
  • Khowa
  • Khamti
  • khamba
  • Hill Miri
  • Thangsa
  • Miji
  • Tagin
  • Galo
  • Nyishi

Districts with headquarters of Arunachal Pradesh

SerialDistrictHeadquarterCreated on
1AnjawHawai16 February 2004
2ChanglangChanglang14 February 1987
3Dibang ValleyDibang Valley1 June 1980
4Lower Dibang ValleyRoing16 December 2001
5TirapKhonsa14 February 1987
7TawangTawang16 October 1984
8West KamengBomdilaNot sure
9East KamengSeppa1981
10Papum PareYupia21 September 1992
11Lower SubansiriZiroNot sure
12Kurung KumeyLaying Yangti2001
13Upper SubansiriDaporijo1980
14West SiangAaloNot Sure
15East SiangPasighat1 June 1980
17Pakke KessangLemmi2018
18Lepa RadaBasar2019
19Shi-YomiTato9 December 2018
21Upper SiangYingkiong1999
22Kra-Dadi7 February 2015
23NamsaiNamsai25 November 2014
24SiangSiang27 November 2015
25Capital ComplexItanagarNot Sure
Date updated till 2022

Airports in Arunachal Pradesh

There are 4 Airports in Arunachal Pradesh located and different towns and cities of Arunachal Pradesh. Here the list of all Airports –

Donyi Polo Airport, Itanagar

Donyi Polo Airport, Itanagar is also known as Hollongi Airport, located at Hollongi, 24 km from the capital city of Arunachal Pradesh. This is the largest commercial airport in Arunachal Pradesh.

Tezu Airport

Tezu Airport is a small regional airport serving Tezu, Arunachal Pradesh. The Airport is used for military and commercial purposes and the small commercial airbus operates in Tezu airport to travel in nearby cities Dibrugarh and Guwahati.

Ziro Airport

The Airport is located in the lower subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh and the airport is used for military and commercial purposes. It will connect Hollongi Airport, Tezu airport, Lilabari airport, and Pasighat airport.

Pasighat Airport

The small regional airport located at Pasighat, east Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh connects passengers with other airports of Arunachal Pradesh.

Watch some videos of Arunachal Pradesh

View Kyarisatam Mount – Arunachal Pradesh

FAQs about Arunachal Pradesh

What is Arunachal Pradesh’s official Government website?

Ans: Here’s the Arunachal Pradesh Government Website Link.

Where is the Arunachal Pradesh tourism office located?

Ans: Address: 3JQ8+HV6, Doni colony, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh 791111.

How to book public transportation services provided by the Arunachal Pradesh government?

Ans: Visit the Arunachal Pradesh state transport service website and book your tickets.

Explore Arunachal Pradesh with Itamoto Travel

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